Special Sensor Microwave Imager/Sounder (SSMIS) Rainfall Products
- The Special Sensor Microwave Imager/Sounder (SSMIS) is a conically
scanning passive microwave radiometer with a 53.1 degree Earth
incidence angle sensing upwelling microwave radiation at 24 channels
covering a wide range of frequencies from 19 - 183 GHz. The first of
five sensors was launched on board DMSP F16 on October 18, 2003.
F17 was subsequently launched on November 4, 2006 and F18 was
launched on October 18, 2009. The SSMIS is a joint US Air Force/Navy
multi-channel passive microwave sensor that combines and extends the
imaging and sounding capabilities of three seperate DMSP microwave
sensors including the SSM/T, SSM/T2, and SSM/I.
- GPROF 2010: The rainfall algorithm used to compute rainfall estimates from the SSMIS brightness temperature data is the 2010 release of the Goddard PROFiling algorithm (GPROF) [Kummerow et al., 2001, Masunaga and Kummerow, 2005]. The SSMIS version of GPROF is not currently run operationally. Additional information is available on the SSMIS implementation details.
- Version Information:
- GPR10.B1 (GPROF 2010 beta version 1): The initial version of GPROF 2010 implemented for the SSMIS sensors is a beta or preliminary version. Note that the data products were erroneously labeled V1 originally. If you have the previous V1 data it is identical to the B1 data, only it was mislabeled. The current land retrieval is identical to the SSM/I land retrieval and does not account for the difference in the high frequency channels (85 GHz for SSM/I and 91 GHz for SSMIS). Note that over ocean the retrieval does account for sensor differences relative to SSM/I and TMI. The input SSMIS data is also currently a beta version of Fundamental Climate Data Record (FCDR) dataset being developed for NOAA. It has been intercalibrated to be physically consistent with the SSM/I sensors.
- GPR10.V2 (GPROF 2010 version 2): A number of updates were made to the V1 retrieval to improve consistency between sensor and screen for desert on snow-covered regions over land. The land retrievals have been updated and are now available for all the sensors.
Input Brightness Temperature Data:
- The rainfall products provided here are computed from the CSU FCDR brightness temperature dataset.
- Rainfall estimates are not currently available from SSMIS. We anticipate producing estimates from F16, F17, and F18 and the near future for the following periods.
Satellite Start Date End Date F16 October 26, 2003 Present F17 December 15, 2006 Present F18 March 8, 2010 Present
- FTP Daily and Monthly Gridded Rainfall Data Files
- File Format Specification for Daily Gridded Rainfall Files
- File Format Specification for Monthly Gridded Rainfall Files
- Create/Display Daily Rainfall Images
- Create/Display Monthly Rainfall Images
- FTP Pre-rendered Rainfall Images
- Get software to read the binary gridded rainfall files.
Kummerow, C., Y. Hong, W. S. Olson, S. Yang, R. F. Adler, J. McCollum, R. Ferraro, G. Petty, D. B. Shin, and T. T. Wilheit, 2001: The evolution of the Goddard profiling algorithm (GPROF) for rainfall estimation from passive microwave sensors, J. Appl. Meteor., 40, 1801-1820. Masunaga, H. and C. D. Kummerow, 2005: Combined radar and radiometer analysis of precipitation profiles for a parametric retrieval algorithm, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 22, 909-929.
- National Geophysical Data Center
- Remote Sensing Systems
- NOAA Comprehensive Large Array-data Stewardship System (CLASS)